Archipelagic and Island State Forum : Financing Sustainable Development


Date : Friday, 10 November 2017
Time : 15.30 – 17.00
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 23, Bonn Zone, Number A02, Bonn, Germany


The Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of the ocean within the Preamble and in the Agreement, under the banner of Ecosystem Integrity. This provides a basis for greater understanding of the need for tackling adverse effects of climate change and building resilience especially for archipelagic and small island countries. It indeed helps to escalate the ocean onto the agenda for future meetings of UNFCCC. The latest IPCC report, Assessment Report (AR-5) has finally shown that developing countries especially archipelagic and small islands countries, face a direct threat from the climate change with all the risk known today such as floods, sea level rise, and ocean acidification. Limiting temperature rise to 20C above pre-industrial levels will not deliver healthy ocean ecosystem that resilient to the adverse effects of climate change. Temperature 1.50C has been acknowledged as the highest rise tolerable to avoid irreversible acidification and to protect vulnerable ecosystems such as coral reefs and vulnerable people such as those living on islands. Achieving target of 1.50C needs to enhance capacity of coastal ecosystem resilience and help communities get climate ready and safe.

As most affected and vanguard of climate change impacts, archipelagic and small islands countries  need to enhance their adaptive capacities, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation. This adaptation measures involves making adjustments in economic, social or ecological systems in response to actual or expected climatic changes and their effects or impacts.

This side event is consistent with the outcomes of Copenhagen outcomes that mandate for an urgent need to tackle climate change quickly with a collective response to adverse effects of climate change to archipelagic and small island countries. It also aligns with Durban platform for enhanced actions on adaptation and mitigation, the Cancun Adaptation Framework as well as the goals outlined in Article 7 of the Paris Agreements as follows :

  • Sharing information, good practices, experiences and lessons learned, including, as appropriate, as these relate to science, planning, policies and implementation in relation to adaptation actions;
  • Strengthening institutional arrangements, to support the synthesis of relevant information and knowledge, and the provision of technical support and guidance to Parties;
  • Assisting developing country Parties in identifying effective adaptation practices, adaptation needs, priorities, support provided and received for adaptation actions and efforts, and challenges and gaps, in a manner consistent with encouraging good practices;
  • Improving the effectiveness and durability of adaptation actions.



  • To provides a forum for raising awareness of the economic, social and environmental importance of building resilience for climate change adaptation;
  • To share experience, knowledge and information and network building of building resilience for climate change adaptation;
  • To exchange views on governance and policy priorities for climate change adaptation for archipelagic and small island countries;
  • To generate information that may be considered in the formulation of COP 23 UNFCCC outcomes.


Expected results

  • Recommendation on strategy to build resilience for climate change adaptation for archipelagic and small island countries
  • Enhanced knowledge and updated  information on building resilience for climate change adaptation for archipelagic and small island countries



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