Blue Carbon Initiative Indonesia : Blue Growth for Sustainable Coastal Livelihood
A session by Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs
Date : Wednesday, 8 November 2017
Time : 10.30 – 12.00
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 23, Bonn Zone, Bonn, Germany
This event will be a forum to share knowledge, experiences and lessons learned from policy makers, experts and practitioners on strengthen the Blue Carbon Initiative by managing Coastal Ecosystems of Mangrove and Seagrass to fight against Climate Change and at the same time improve the coastal community livelihood in Indonesia.
Indonesia is a mega-diverse country spanning three bio-geographic regions and is recognized as a global hotspot for marine diversity. As an archipelagic state with the longest coastal line in the tropics (ca. 99.093 km), Indonesia has the largest mangrove and sea grass ecosystems in the world, Indonesia harbors nearly a quarter of the world’s mangroves (22.6% of global mangroves) and, yet, has lost close to half of its mangroves in the past three decades. Current estimates of remaining mangroves in Indonesia are on the order of 3.11 million hectares, still the largest worldwide, but with a deforestation rate of 0.3%. Total seagrass ecosystem in Indonesia is estimated at 3.3 million hectares, also the largest in the world.
Coastal ecosystems provide extensive benefits, Coastal communities depend on intact and healthy coastal ecosystems for essential needs such as food, fuel wood, shelter, and clean water. Healthy coastal ecosystems offer coastal communities natural adaptation and resilience to climate change through control of shoreline erosion and sedimentation, regulation of coastal water quality, stabilizing offshore. In addition, these coastal ecosystems transfer and store carbon from the atmosphere and ocean at rates of up to four times higher than tropical forests thereby also offering tangible mitigation and adaptation benefits or reduce vulnerability to climate-related hazard. Recently, there is growing international awareness of the combination of climate change adaptation and mitigation benefits provided by these coastal ecosystem to achieve Paris Agreement target.
- To share and exchange the experience, knowledge and information from various ways including natural science, economy and social perspectives of Blue Carbon and other ecosystem services.
- To generate information that may be considered in the formulation of COP 23 UNFCCC outcomes.
- Enhanced knowledge and updated information for building a comprehenship Blue Carbon Initiative program in Indonesia.
- Recommendation on strategy to build adaptive capacities, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change, of coastal community towards sustainable development.