Climate Change and Food Security in Coral Triangle Region : Mangrove and Seagrass
A session by Coordinating Ministry of Maritime Affairs
Date : Friday, 10 November 2017
Time : 14.30 – 15.30
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 23, Bonn Zone, Number A02, Bonn, Germany
Located in mega-diverse, Indonesia is a spanning three bio-geographic regions and is recognized as a global hotspot for marine diversity. As an archipelagic state with the longest coastal line in the tropics, Indonesia has the largest mangrove and sea grass ecosystems in the world, Indonesia harbors nearly a quarter of the world’s mangroves and, yet, has lost close to half of its mangroves in the past three decades. Current estimates of remaining mangroves in Indonesia are on the order of 3.11 million hectares, still the largest worldwide. Total seagrass ecosystem in Indonesia is estimated at 3.3 million hectares, also the largest in the world.
The Paris Agreement recognizes the importance of the ocean within the Preamble and in the Agreement, under the banner of Ecosystem Integrity. This provides a basis for greater understanding of the need for tackling adverse effects of climate change and building resilience especially for archipelagic and small island countries. It indeed helps to escalate the ocean onto the agenda for future meetings of UNFCCC. The latest IPCC report, Assessment Report (AR-5) has finally shown that developing countries especially archipelagic and small islands countries, face a direct threat from the climate change with all the risk known today such as floods, sea level rise, and ocean acidification. Limiting temperature rise to 20C above pre-industrial levels will not deliver healthy ocean ecosystem that resilient to the adverse effects of climate change. Temperature 1.50C has been acknowledged as the highest rise tolerable to avoid irreversible acidification and to protect vulnerable ecosystems such as coral reefs and vulnerable people such as those living on islands. Achieving target of 1.50C needs to enhance capacity of coastal ecosystem resilience and help communities get climate ready and safe.
As most affected and vanguard of climate change impacts, archipelagic and small islands countries need to enhance their adaptive capacities, strengthen resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change, with a view to contributing to sustainable development and ensuring an adequate adaptation. This adaptation measures involves making adjustments in economic, social or ecological systems in response to actual or expected climatic changes and their effects or impacts.
- To share experience, knowledge and information and network building of building resilience for climate change and food security.
- To exchange views on governance and policy priorities for climate change and food security for coral triangle region
- To generate information that may be considered in the formulation of COP 23 UNFCCC outcomes.
- Recommendation on strategy to build resilience for climate change and food security in Coral Triangle Region
- Enhanced knowledge and updated information on building resilience for climate change and food security among countries in Coral Triangle region.