Adaptation Mitigation Nexus within Agriculture and Bioenergy
A session by ARSARI Group and Liberal Art FIM
Date : Tuesday, 15 November 2016
Time : 14.40 – 16.00 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
The session aims to discuss technological and socio-economic integrated mitigation and adaptation strategies at community level that support energy poverty alleviation, resilient livelihoods and sustainable development goals through agriculture and bioenergy. It will contribute to social learning on climate change both at community and various policy levels by testing and scaling up such system elsewhere. We will include the perspectives of the consultants, academics, development agencies and also more encompassing with the participation of the project proponents.
The main objective is to have discussion about sustainable socio-economic system to create adaptation-mitigation programmes in rural areas across Indonesia. It will create a community that implements and demonstrate the feasibility and scalability of such sustainable socio-economic system. It is including policy makers and stakeholders will gain experiences and develop targeted knowledge and communication strategies to spread out the system to regions in South East Asia.
The concept of adaptation and mitigation nexus takes a holistic system approach to develop bioenergy and support resilient livelihoods by improving energy security, developing alternative sources of sustainable income and reducing deforestation pressure by fuel switching. A case in Indonesia, more than 12,000 villages and 50 million people in Indonesia are not connected to the electricity grid and many more communities are facing LPG scarcity. The household industry, which consumes about two to three LPG cylinders per day, is now struggling to stay afloat. Agriculture wastes can be used for bioenergy production and it also can optimize its value chain.It will help community activities and support the RAN-API (national adaptation plan) and national climate change mitigation goal.
In case of bioenergy, many bioenergy projects should consider the whole social-economic system of bioenergy production and market including value chains. The project should be sustainable and the production process should not too complex, production cost does match with revenue, there is market for the bioenergy, and the situation does understands the community needs and support its development capacities within their own environmental context.
The production of bioenergy is likely to be affected by climate change which therefore requires climate change adaptation measures to be adopted. Also, a mitigation bioenergy project with adaptation measures is more sustainable as adaptation activities helped people working in the industry and in their business. Therefore, this project will also consider the mitigation and adaptation nexus options as co-benefit measures. The production of bioenergy will improve their energy access and may create secondary business; therefore, this will help the livelihood of the communities which is considered as the improvement in adaptive capacity. Many regions are getting drier, so the bioenergy production will diversify their business activities, this can be considered as an adaptation strategy.
This session will be run as combined presentation and panel discussion. World renowned experts will demonstrate the cases and theories of adaptation-mitigation nexus with agriculture and bioenergy. These key issues will be further discussed with panelists. For instance, a panelist can refer to their institution projects on agribusiness, forest investment program and rural ecosystem management which connect with climate actions.
The rebuild system
The presentation will elucidate technical aspects of the Rebuild system that has been developed for Arsari Enviro Industri. Besides explaining the technical aspects of the program much of the focus will be on how the Rebuild system can really be a climate solution approach. The attendees will be taken through the steps of the system with a special focus on the carbon effects of each of them. It will show the great potential there is for rehabilitating degraded forests as a real solution for climate change and an overview of more than ten processes included in the system that lead to favourable outcomes for carbon sequestration and emission reductions.