Building Climate Resilience Through State and Nonstate : Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation to Local Development Plan
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry and CCROM-SEAP
Date : Thursday, 17 November 2016
Time : 13.00 – 14.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 22, Marrakech, Morocco
Nusa Tenggara Timur economy, livelihoods and food security is based on the agricultural sector, which consists of mainly of subsistence dry land farming, irrigation and fishing. Hence the impacts from any variation in local rainfall, atmospheric and ocean temperature conditions that reduce agricultural outputs will be directly felt at community and district level. Climate change predictions will see an increases in night and daytime temperatures, increase magnitude of extreme events (floods, droughts, high winds), shift in rainy seasons; all of which can reduce crop and pasture production. This in turn leads to an increase in the level of poverty and reduces economic development and creates conditions that reduce the resilience of the Province to future climate shocks.
The future development of NTT will be compounded by the climate-induced hazards. These hazards will limit the use of natural resources to provide adequate incomes and sufficient food supplies for communities.
The “Strategic Planning and Action to strengthen climate resilience of Rural Communities in Nusa Tenggara Timur” or SPARC is a nationally implemented program in Indonesia facilitated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) with support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) is project implementing partner and the Regional Planning and Development Agency (BAPPEDA) of NTT Province as responsible partner at the provincial level. The SPARC project focuses on strengthening and developing climate-resilient institutions and rural communities around livelihoods, food and water security in three pilot districts namely East Sumba, Manggarai and Sabu Raijua. SPARC is expected to also result in the development of 120 community action plans based on identified future climate risks and vulnerability assessments.
The SPARC model has been observed as good practice for multi-level coordination, cross-sector coordination, and evidence-based policy development in the Indonesian context. SPARC is a program that tackles climate adaptation at various levels of government as well as following a multi-sector approach. While interventions are set at the community level, SPARC works with subnational governments (provincial, district) in capacity building and institutional development, with learnings taken into national government line ministries. In addition, SPARC works with civil society organisations (CSOs) and the private sector to complete its role as a facilitator for climate adaptation throughout the society.