Climate Resilience for Rural Communities in Indonesia through Community Based Bamboo Industry and Bamboo Biomassa Gassification
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry, and Environmental Bamboo Foundation
Date : Tuesday, 15 November 2016
Time : 10.40 – 12.00 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Bamboo has the potential to become a pillar in land restoration in Indonesia. Through the incorporation of over 50 years of critical worldwide research from many international bamboo and forestry scientists, enthusiasts and policy makers; building community based bamboo industry has become a tried and tested tool for the “restoration economy” of Indonesia.
Mature Bamboo clumps can build up to 3cm of top soil per year under the canopy of the clump, a bamboo clump with a strong rooting structure is also able to hold 5000 l of water. A bamboo forests can absorb 50 ton CO2 (carbon dioxide) plus per hectare, per year. Therefore, with 2 million hectare bamboo forest for industry in Indonesia, has the potential to absorb 100 megatons of carbon per annum. So it is truly an incredible giant grass, but why then is bamboo not used internationally to deliver these ecosystem service and restoration potential.
This potential needs a strategy of bamboo utilization and its development which is built in an integrated and sustainable way between community systems and Industrial players with appropriate financial and political support. The Indonesian Bamboo tradition is one of the oldest in the world, its rich in knowledge and wisdom on bamboo silviculture and a diverse array of traditional utilization techniques. We must work together to reinvent the integration of this knowledge and wisdom into a modern context if we want to optimize the potential of the bamboo sector to create a strong economic contribution from this critical component to the sustainable future of forestry.
The 1000 Bamboo Villages program was launched last year in COP 21 and it is essentially a National program to create the appropriate scale of community based bamboo industrial processing that allows the community based approach to benefit from a scaled economy approach. A community based bamboo industry is an intensive work program, with local community as the champions for a industrial bamboo supply chain with raw material process with resource efficiency more than 95% in order to survive. Coupled with this the market must purchase almost just in time for the very small cash buffer of communities to sustain the economics of community based bamboo processing. So it is a worrying and vulnerable system if the economics and finance of the system are not linked between social systems, market systems and community based forestry process. Appropriate design of the whole community based industrial system must be very accurate.
With the aim to support all points mentioned above, this Pavilion Indonesia session we would like to delve deeper into the process of creating a community based bamboo industry that uses a social forestry platform and for now is mainly based on bamboo laminate and bamboo biomass as its focus. Involving both Government and NGO, National and international institutions that have a concern in bamboo development, SFEP (Directorate of Social Forestry and Environmental Partnerships) INBAR (International Network of Bamboo and Rattan) and ITTO (International Timber Trade Organization). In addition to the session above, we would present such an music orchestra using bamboo as main instrument called “Angklung Bamboo” of which the orchestra would symbolize each country’s compliance to its responsibility.
In this session we will present several sub-topics, as follows:
- Community Based Bamboo Industry
- Bamboo Coccon Nursery to Support Community Bamboo Cultivation
- Value Chain Management as Starting Point for Designing Indonesian Bamboo Industry
- Opportunity of Bamboo Biomass Gassification as Renewable Electricity
- Social Forestry in Indonesia, what umbrellas have been created to develop capacity of community based industry in indonesia.
- Bamboo cultural performance.