CSO Forum : Best Practices on Social Forestry
A session by WALHI, AMAN, TNC, JATAM, MFP3
Date : Wednesday, 9 November 2016
Time : 13.00 – 14.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Indonesian government’s ambitious program targeted at allocating 12.7 million hectares of forests to be managed by communities through social forestry schemes, which includes hutan kemasyarakatan (community forestry), hutan desa (village forests), hutan tanaman rakyat (community plantation forests) and hutan adat (customary forests), as well as forming partnerships for collaborative forest management. The target has been part of the government’s five year plan (2015-2019), which means that there should be more than 2.5 million hectares of forests allocated for communities each year.
Long advocated by communities and environmental activists, social forestry was initiated in Indonesia in the early 1990s. The government’s more concerted and measurable efforts to ensure communities secured access to forests has been widely praised. Expectations have been high for social forestry initiatives not only to clarify forest tenure arrangement—hence solving longstanding forest tenure conflicts – but also as a means to alleviate poverty. Moreover, in the context of Indonesia’s target to mitigate climate change, this commitment has been promoted as an inclusive pathway to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Now, almost 2 year since the target was launched, it is time to reflect back on the program’s progress and what challenges still persist to achieve the goal by 2019. Based on data from MoEF, the government, in cooperation with civil society groups, has identified the location of around 13 million hectares of forest areas that can potentially be allocated to community management.
Social forestry initiatives have significantly contributed to local economic development. On this event, activist and representatives from local communities will share their experience how to implement social forestry schemes at local level, include their challenges and benefits.