Ecosystem Restoration and Emission Reduction in Indonesia
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Date : Friday, 12 November 2016
Time : 09.00 – 10.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Indonesia’s commitment to prevent further deforestation and degradation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) have put the country at the centre of national and international debates on forests, biodiversity conservation, land rights and sustainable development. Ecosystem Restoration is an initiative that promises to restore degraded and deforested areas, conserve biodiversity, improve forest management and provide a multi-product approach to forest resource use while simultaneously contributing to reducing carbon emissions.
In 2004, the Government of Indonesia (GOI) introduced a new type of production forest license known as an Ecosystem Restoration Concession (IUPHHK-RE or ERC). For the first time, production forests could be managed for the purpose of restoration instead of logging. The policy calls for restoring the forest ecosystem while pursuing development of innovative non-timber businesses. It is a de facto moratorium on conversion of degraded forests to timber plantations or conversion to other uses.
Ecosystem restoration licenses are a strategic way to reverse the deforestation and degradation of Indonesia’s production forests. These forests constitute approximately 127 million hectares, of which approximately 57.48% or nearly 73.8 million ha are categorized as production forests. Presently, 25 million ha of production forest estate is not covered by any kind of license, making it prone to illegal exploitation (Ministry of Forestry 2013).
ERCs have the potential to slow down and reverse degradation and deforestation in production forests. ERCs mobilizes new resources and offers an alternative approach to addressing long standing issues such as restoration, biodiversity conservation, forest business development and forest governance. Also, it can play an important role in contributing to Indonesia’s emissions reduction targets.
Eight years have passed since the first ERC permit was issued. Although considerable progress has been made in improving the policy framework and management of ERCs, numerous challenges still exist such as sustainable financing and improving the welfare of communities living in and around the concessions.
To date, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) has already issued 15 ERC licenses covering a total of 573,455 ha in 7 provinces and covering various forest types, such as lowland rainforest and peat swamp forest. In the next five years MoEF plans to issue permits for at least 500 thousand ha out of 1.69 million hectares that has been allocated for ERCs. These goals can be reached if ERC management is based on a productive landscape approach and effective and efficient forest management. To ensure ERCs benefit people and nature, continued support from the public is crucial.
The main objectives of the Ecosystem Restoration and Emission Reduction in Indonesia at the Indonesia Pavilion are to:
- Expand, improve and share best practices for implementing ecosystem restoration strategies in different contexts—as well as component in the management of degraded production forests through ecosystem restoration approaches.
- Highlight the significant contributions of ecosystem restoration to achieving existing global and national targets and commitments
- to correct the misperceptions of forest management in Indonesia is more often associated with the destruction of ecosystems and increased carbon emissions and disregard the welfare of local communities
- Sessions Ecosystem Emission Reduction Restoration and In Indonesia conducted in guided discussion. A number of speakers expressed topics ranging from policy to empirical experience and support bilateral cooperation