Enhanced Governance and Instruments in Combating Land and Forest Fire : 2016’s Experiences
A session by the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and Indonesian Parliament
Date : Tuesday, 8 November 2016
Time : 13.00 – 14.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Wet tropical forest Indonesia is known as the forests were always wet, high humidity and resistant to the threat of fire. However, in the year 1982/1983, approximately 3.6 million ha of wet tropical forest in East Kalimantan burned (Hess, 1994). At the time it was noted that there had been a prolonged drought that hit Indonesia in 10 months in a row due to a phenomenon El-Nino. Fires in wet tropical forests may occur because of the canopy open as a result of the exploitation of forests, causing forest condition becomes easy to lose moisture and dry as flammable in the dry season.
In 2015 the El Nino phenomenon is strong, resulting in droughts and triggering forest fires and land. Land and forest fires occur not only in Sumatra and Kalimantan, but also in Java and Sulawesi. Land and forest fires in peatlands in Sumatra and Kalimantan causing haze in Kalimantan and Sumatra to spread to Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand fraction.
In 2016, land and forest fires that occur are not as big as in 2015, besides weak La Nina phenomenon, in 2016 the government has been taking progressive steps in accordance with the direction of the President dated January 18, 2016 at the National Coordination Meeting on Forest Fire Prevention and Land 2016 at the State Palace : to undertake preventive measures and early warning, reward and punishment, repair and structuring the ecosystem, to review the courts, law enforcement, and national and regional synergy.
In national level the synergy has already being done, as example : Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs developing grand design for forest and land fire prevention, BMKG playing important role in producing 7 days ahead early warning (fire danger rating), weather and extreme climate prediction. LAPAN currently has been supporting hotspot from 3 satellites (Terra, Aqua, and S-NPP) which distributed via web and smartphone (android application). Ministry of Environment and Forestry mobilize its local resources (Manggala Agni) to conduct integrated patrol with TNI, POLRI, local government/public figure as well as groundchecking hotspots and conduct early suppression when they meet forest/land fire.