Indonesia Blue Carbon Dialogue
A session by CIFOR
Date : Tuesday, 15 November 2016
Time : 16.10 – 17.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
The Indonesian archipelago, also known as the “Maritime Continent”, has a complex system of islands, narrow peninsula and complicated coastal geometries. Indonesia has 17,409 islands, including 10,000 small islands with 95,181 km coastline with biologically diverse marine and aquatic ecosystems. More than a half (140 millions) of Indonesian population live in coatal zone.
It has been well documented that climate change poses significant effects on ocean and coastal ecosystems. The warming sea surface temperature causes extensive coral bleaching), and sea level rise that could potentially 42 millions of coastal communities lose their homes and livelihoods in 2050. Both near shore and off shore aquaculture and fishery will be hard hit by warming climate and coastal ecosystems increasingly become vulnerable to climate-driven disasters.
However, Indonesia is blessed with 2.9 million hectares of mangroves and 0.3 million hectares of seagrass, bringing the archipelago the world’s richest in Coastal Blue Carbon. With a total storage of 3.14 billion tons in mangroves (Murdiyarso et al. 2015) and 0.39 billion tons in seagrass (Alongi et al. 2015) signify Indonesian Coastal Blue Carbon for climate change mitigation.
It is also realized that mangroves and seagrass meadows face tremendous pressures and unprecedented loss due to unsustainable economic development. The remaining intact coastal blue carbon needs to be protected and the degraded ones have to be restored. But what is the incentive to do such massive tasks? Is there any financial instrument to reduce greenhouse gas emissions caused by coastal degradation and to enhance the resilience of coastal ecosystems and coastal community.