Policy into Action : Indonesia’ Real Actions for Climate Change
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Date : Monday, 7 November 2016
Time : 13.00 – 14.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
The climate change is an issue that may not seem so obvious, since it does not sound an alarm or can be seen with our bare eye. The consequences of climate change have actually taken place in home country seeing the irregularity of climate pattern and frequent natural calamities such as floods and landslide. As enshrined in the Paris Agreement, The world community has agreed that climate change is a global issue that needs to be addressed by every country in the world. The world has agreed that the rapid accumulation of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere or the impending rise in sea levels, could risk our lives, and yet if we fail to reduce heat-trapping emissions, we will cross a threshold, and the changes in our world will be irreversible.
As an archipelagic state with extensive low-lying areas, Indonesia is highly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. Indonesia has already experienced extreme climate events such as floods and drought, and will likely see long-term effects from sea level rise. As the Indonesian population grows, climate change-induced natural disasters will impact a greater number of people and their assets, making it more difficult for them to rise out of poverty. It is believed that climate change will increase the risk of hydro-meteorological disasters, which make up 80% of disaster occurrences in Indonesia. The poorest and most marginalized populations tend to live in high-risk areas that are prone to flooding, landslides, sea level rise, and water shortages during drought. Most of these areas have experienced rapid urbanization, reaching 50% in 2010.
Indonesia’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) outlines the country’s transition to a low carbon future by describing the enhanced actions and the necessary enabling environment during the 2015-2019 period that will lay the foundation for more ambitious goals beyond 2020 contributing a global effort to prevent 20C of global temperature rise.
For 2020 and beyond Indonesia envisages achieving archipelagic climate resilience as a result of coherent and comprehensive adaptation and mitigation and disaster risk reduction strategies. Indonesia sets ambitious goals in sustainable production and consumption in food, water and energy through human empowerment and capacity building, improved provision of basic services in health and education, technological innovation, and sustainable natural resources management in compliance with principles of good governance. Based on the data of the latest country’s emissions level assessment, therefore, the indicative unconditional reduction target is 29% to the business as usual scenario by 2030.
To provide rationale and to set the tone of agenda of the COP 22 Indonesia Pavilion by providing information on facts and evidences of climate change adverse impact in Indonesia and how the country address the challenges by taking real actions and innovation.