Indonesia’s Sustainable Timber Trade Policy Promotes Climate Change Mitigation
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Date : Tuesday, 15 November 2016
Time : 09.00 – 10.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Indonesia has developed a national timber legality assurance system called the SVLK (Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu) to complement law enforcement measures in combatting illegal loggings. The SVLK provides incentives for legality by promoting market access for verified legal products and blocking market access for illegal products. The SVLK also promotes broader governance reforms, such as improved information, transparency, capacity, and community rights.
This system is based on sustainable forest management and legality standards, which includes, among others, observation of ecology, conservation and sustainability as well as prevention from forest fires and illegal loggings. The system also requires adherence to the principles of Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) in relation to maintaining boundaries of production forests with local communities. The system introduced an innovative approach by recognizing the role of civil society as part of the system in monitoring its implementation.
In 2013 Indonesia signed the FLEGT-VPA (Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade Voluntary Partnership Agreement) with the EU, making it the first country in Asia to negotiate and ratify a FLEGT VPA with the EU. The VPAs between the EU and timber-exporting countries are among the measures of the EU FLEGT Action Plan, which aims to tackle illegal logging by improving forest governance.
Indonesia is the first country in the world to receive FLEGT License status from the EU at 15 November 2016 after a no-objection decision by the EU Parliament and decided by The 5th JIC Meeting on 15 Sept 2016 in Yogyakarta. This means that Indonesian timber product can enter the EU market without due diligence.
Since its implementation in 2013, 100% of all active forest concessions operating in natural forest or plantations have been SVLK-certified, covering a total of 356 forest management units and timber-producing conversion areas and a total of 23 million hectares of production forests.
Aside from the EU, Indonesia has signed an agreement with Australia under the Country Specific Guidelines, which reflects Australia’s recognition of SVLK as a required certificate for timber products it imported from Indonesia.