Local Innovative Forest Fire Prevention and Land Supression
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Date : Tuesday, 8 November 2016
Time : 14.40 – 16.00 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Wet tropical forest Indonesia is known as the forests were always wet, high humidity and resistant to the threat of fire. However, in the year 1982/1983, approximately 3.6 million ha of wet tropical forest in East Kalimantan burned (Hess, 1994). At the time it was noted that there had been a prolonged drought that hit Indonesia in 10 months in a row due to a phenomenon El-Nino. Fires in wet tropical forests may occur because of the canopy open as a result of the exploitation of forests, causing forest condition becomes easy to lose moisture and dry as flammable in the dry season.
In 2015 the El Nino phenomenon is strong, resulting in droughts and triggering forest fires and land. Land and forest fires occur not only in Sumatra and Kalimantan, but also in Java and Sulawesi. Land and forest fires in peatlands in Sumatra and Kalimantan causing haze in Kalimantan and Sumatra to spread to Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand fraction.
In order to address the problem Indonesia has set up some policy, program and activities. The government also acknowledge that there are some local eforts which effectively address forest fire/land through prevention and suppression such as land opening without burning practice in Kalampangan subdistrict in Sebangau Central Kalimantan, free fire village which endorse by private sectors, etc. In fire prone province an ad-Hoc Task Force which involve multi-stakeholders is established to manage Forest and Land Fire. This Task Force structure generally consist of ground, air, law enforcement, and health team. Synergy between local government, central government, military, and police is needed to handle forest/land fire with multidimension problems.