Parliament Forum : Policy Support on Low Carbon Emission Development Strategy
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry, and Indonesian Parliament
Date : Monday, 14 November 2016
Time : 14.40 – 16.00 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 22, Marrakech, Morocco
Climate change is a defining challenge of our time. Science tells us that if immediate action is not taken to slow down – and reverse in a few years – the growth of greenhouse gas emissions, changes in our climate could have catastrophic consequences for the entire planet. We also know that the resultant negative effects will hit many of the poorest people in the world more quickly, and will be felt more deeply in many developing countries. However to date, narrowly-de ned projects aimed at either reducing GHG emissions or increasing climate resilience have dominated the climate change actions taken by most countries. This has resulted in the accumulation of many efforts, isolated in nature, to respond to what is a broad, crosscutting issue. The elaboration and implementation of a LEDS can allow policy makers to respond more effectively to climate change by through the design of a comprehensive policy and programmatic response that integrates low- emission and development planning, policies, and action across multiple sectors and levels (national, regional and local levels).
Changing to a low emission development pathway also offers other signi cant bene ts, such as greater energy security and improved resilience to energy price shocks, improved health due to lower conventional pollutant emissions, and greater agricultural and land-use productivity. Instead of locking in high-carbon infrastructure, developing countries in particular have the opportunity to advance to new cleaner technologies such as wind and solar energy, low energy buildings, energy ef cient industrial production and sustainable transport.
One of the important part of developing a LEDS is to identify policy options to support the LEDS, which involves examining an array of policy options and analyzing any barriers to implementation. It is essential to align policies with national economic and development goals. Policies can have overlapping effects and it is also important to ensure policy coherence across sectors and ministries.
Implementation of Paris Agreement is a challenge for all of us. While the agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change, yet really to reach these ambitious goals, appropriate financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity building framework need to be put in place.
Parliament need to support the strategy towards low emission development in the context of continuation of implementation of Paris Agreement in Marrakesh and to future Conference of Parties (COPs), as the platform for the exchange of experiences and sharing of best practices on mitigation and adaptation. The platform could also be used for sharing information relating to the provision of means of implementations and experiences in implementing programmes and activities supported by means of implementation.