Promoting Social Forestry in Indonesia
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Date : Wednesday, 9 November 2016
Time : 10.40 – 12.00 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
President Joko Widodo has called for allocation of forests to the people living in the forests or especially those whose livelihoods depend on forests, saying that social forestry will improve the people’s economy. The statement is in line with a report by Cifor that about 48.8 million Indonesian people lived in and around the forests and 10.2 millions of them lived below poverty line. Communities within 31,957 villages directly interact with forest, and 71.06 percent of these villages depend their livelihoods on forest resources (road map Forest Tenure Reforms, 2012). It had been put into practices for many years that the forest concessions were only granted to several conglomerate groups. The condition had led to large-scale exploitation, forest management abuses and vast forest degradation.
Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) has been trying to make a change in the paradigm of forest management. The Government of Indonesia (GoI) adopted the method to resolve the problems arising from the forest mismanagement by the private sector. GoI has formulated a policy on social forestry with the aim to change the forest management from company into people orientations. Under the policy, GoI gives an improved access to forest management for the people.
Indonesia has been in the forefront of social forestry practices. The government has had a commitment to redistributing 12.7 million ha lands in forest areas through the social forestry scheme and nine million through Agrarian Reform Object Land (TORA).