Putting People at the Center of Development – Climate Friendly Based Livelihoods
A session by Asia Pulp and Paper
Date : Monday, 7 November 2016
Time : 16.10 – 17.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Community is an important partner for APP in its continuous effort to develop sustainable forestry industry as well as to protect Indonesia’s forests. APP’s community engagement approach aims to support the Government of Indonesia’s priority development agenda (Nawa Cita) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through the implementation of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), the responsible resolution of conflicts as well as improving community welfare through the implementation of sustainable community = based business model.
At the same time, agricultural mitigation finally came to the fore as part of the Paris Agreement. Agroforestry or integrated forestry and farming systems are one example of agricultural mitigation and can support Government of Indonesia to reach its commitments. Agroforestry systems, if done properly can out produce monoculture, allowing us to grow more food on the land we have and resist the pressure of deforestation. There are a number of types of agroforestry systems, including:
- Agroforestry systems that integrate trees into pastures: These systems have very impressive carbon sequestration rates and produce a remarkable 2 to 10 times more meat or milk per hectare.
- Polycultures of perennial plants: These systems have some of the highest levels of carbon sequestration of any food producing system.
A recent research by the World Agroforestry Center stated that trees on agricultural land sequestered close to 0.75 gigatonnes of CO2 globally per year over the past decade. But, in order to increase the productivity, more innovation need to be implemented to bring the soil back to life – to optimize delivery of nutrients to plants, hold water in the ground and store carbon in the soils. It has been estimated that we are losing 75 billion tons of soil every year. At this rate, without any improvement the UN estimates that we have 60 years left of farmable top soil.
However, there is a challenge around financing. For farmers to make transition to agroforestry there’s typically a period of 2-5 years before they can recoup their investment. Agroforestry also has to be competitive with other global commodities in order to support the improvement of livelihoods for communities.
APP is aiming to tackle each of these areas through its Integrated Farming and Forestry System (IFFS) program
- Launched at COP21, the IFFS aims to provide community members equipment and support in the forms of microfinance or revolving funds to help kick start local agroforestry businesses. The core concept is to support communities to find alternative livelihoods that protect rather than destroy the forest, and provide sufficient returns over the near and long-term.
- We work closely with the community and provide them with options which could include a mix of cash crops and farming which will provide them with short, medium and longterm forms of income.
- We are investing 2 million per year over the next 5 years as part of our IFFS program to identify sustainable livelihood options with smallholders and communities.
- We are targeting 500 villages over the next 5 years and plan to roll out the program in 80 villages by the end of 2016. To date we have already successfully started implementation in 35 villages.
- As part of all of APP’s work with communities, we only proceed with engagement with the ‘free, prior, and informed consent’ (FPIC) of all community members and target out interventions with communities to address and resolve conflict, but also prevent conflict from happening in the future by building trust and a stronger basis for collaboration as partners