Sub-National Climate Friendly Actions
A session by Aceh and North Sumatra Provinces and Berau District
Date : Friday, 11 November 2016
Time : 16.10 – 17.30 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
The Aceh Government formulates the policy on the Aceh Government Development Plan of 2012-2017 (RJPM 2012-2017), which maintain the designation of forest areas to preserve the environment and absorb the emissions. Additionally, the Governor of Aceh regulates the Governor Regulation (Pergub No. 85/2012) on Aceh Action Plan for Reduction Emission (RAD GRK), which is a further agreement of the Perpres No. 61/2011 on National Action Plan on Reduction Emission.
“Aceh Commitment for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation” 2020 (ACCCMA 2020) is an Aceh government action plan on mitigation and adaptation of climate change impacts and reduction emission that is being implemented until 2020. The Aceh Government implements the ACCCMA 2020 to support Indonesia policy on climate change especially after Indonesia stated its re-commitment at COP21, Paris 2015. ACCCMA 2020 declared at Seminar “Aceh Commitment for Climate Change: Impact and Challenge” in 26 May 2016 in Banda Aceh Indonesia. The seminar was attended by representative of international governments (ambassadors), Local/National/International Non-Government Organizations, Indonesian Ministries, Local/National Businesses, Academics and Indigenous Stakeholders in Aceh.
The Governor of Aceh was accompanied with other local stakeholders in Aceh Province signed the inscriptions of “We, the Government of Aceh and the elements of Acehnese civil society, support the International commitments on reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) emissions in order to anticipate the impact of climate change through multi-party cooperation (Local/ National/International) to protect the environment while maintaining the economic growth through sustainable development”.
ACCCMA 2020 is implemented in grassroots levels where they as the beneficiaries set their goals, and they as co-managers implement their purposes. The action plan can be divided into implementation actions, which are adaptation actions and mitigation actions. Adaptation actions are the actions that focus on how the communities can avoid, reduce and improve their behaviours to anticipate the climate change impacts. These actions can be implemented through introducing new technology, improving new behaviour to deal with new condition. Similarly, mitigation actions are the actions for emission reduction that can be focussed on, such as, improving renewable energy in order to reduce fossil energy consumption, 3R (reduce, reuse and recycle) of the garbage in order to avoid burning or dumping the garbage in open spaces that may produce methane gas and emission.
Implementation of ACCCMA 2020 is formulated based on knowledge, development infrastructure and economic development. Knowledge is comprehensive studies of the project goals that can give significant impacts for the ACCCMA 2020 targets, infrastructure is pilot projects or role models, which is previously developed on the studies, that contribute to economic development in implemented areas.
Aceh government establishes targets on implement ACCCMA 2020, which are mitigation targets consist of Aceh determination of baseline emission, carbon absorption inventory in Aceh forest. While, the adaptation targets are an establishment number of targeted implementation locations, such as adaptation target on agricultural production (such as: coffee, cacao and rice productions) and adaptation to avoid the natural hazards. The projects that are being implemented under ACCCMA 2020 are Gampong Iklim (Eco-Village), SIA for managing Tripa Peatland, restoration of Banda Aceh coastal area, environmental camping for schools. Some another projects are under agreement preparation with private sectors and NGOs.