Translating Transparancy Framework of Paris Agreement to National Context
A session by Ministry of Environment and Forestry
Date : Wednesday, 16 November 2016
Time : 10.40 – 12.00 GMT
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP22, Marrakech, Morocco
Enhanced transparency framework was a key outcome of Paris Agreement. This enhanced transparency framework will play an important role in tracking progress towards individual and collective goals, and in understanding achievement of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement. There will be flexibility in the content, frequency, and level of detail of measuring, reporting and the verification (MRV) that takes into account the varying capabilities and capacities of different Parties. This paper study experiences and lessons learnt from existing MRV development, application of flexibility to the framework, importance of enhancement in the framework, and importance of supporting developing countries’ transparency within the Paris Agreement relating to NDCs.
The aim of the exercise is to share understanding of translating transparency-related provisions agreed at the COP 21 into Indonesia’s context, and analyze the extent to which the information, and institutions and data requested will be sufficient to meet the stated purposes of the enhanced transparency framework. As part of the enhanced transparency framework, all Parties are to submit national communication reports, as well as information on progress made towards implementing and tracking in achieving NDCs including information on support needed and received, including its use, impact and results.
The future transparency framework outlined in the Paris Agreement and Decision 1/CP.21 represents an evolution from the existing transparency system, such as reporting of Biennial Update Report (BUR), National Communication, Greenhouse Gases (GHG) Inventories, existing domestic MRV system, and national registry System/Sistim Registri Nasional (SRN). An important difference is that the future transparency framework will apply to all Parties, with flexibility in terms of the scope and frequency of reporting and scope of review. A key condition for successful implementation of the Paris Agreement’s transparency require the provision of adequate and sustainable system, instrument, innovation, investment, financial support and capacity building. This will enable Indonesia to significantly strengthen or scale up their efforts to build robust domestic and international measurement, tracking, reporting, and verification systems, in a clarity, transparency, and understandable processes.