Agricultural and Spatial Planning Minister Sofyan Djalil has said that Indonesia has done its homework on climate change mitigation and prevention, including work on issues such as control of land and forest fires to prevent global climate change. Per the minister, President Widodo’s instructions have been clear in the management of forest fire incidences. At the opening of the Indonesian pavilion at COP22 in Marrakesh (07 November 2016), Minister Djalil stated that “forest and land fires increase greenhouse gas emissions, and Indonesia is serious about resolving this issue.”
COP22 was officially opened on Monday, 07thNovember 2016 in Marrakesh, Morocco. The conference will run from the 07th to the 18th of November and is centred on the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
Minister of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) Siti Nurbaya further highlighted the importance of cooperation among countries in the realisation of the Paris Agreement. She also stressed the importance of increased bilateral and multilateral cooperation to implement more effective and efficient mitigation and adaptation plans with strong financial support, transfer of technology, and capacity building, supported by transparency and sustainable governance.
Minister Siti also pointed to the importance of the forestry sector to climate change mitigation, saying that “one contributor to emissions comes from the forestry and environment sector, and so we have tried to improve forest governance, prevent forest fires, combat illegal logging, develop renewable energy, and improve waste management. We also continue to work together with the relevant ministries and local governments and provide progress reports on emissions reductions to our President and Vice President.”
Director General of Climate Change in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Dr. Nur Masripatin, has explained that Indonesia has submitted the NDC with the GHG emission reduction target of 29% with self financed and 41% with international support by 2030.
Senior Advisor to the Minister of Environment and Forestry on Natural Resource Economics, Dr Agus Justianto, has stressed the importance of cooperation among all relevant parties to achieve both Indonesian and global emissions reduction commitments. “All actors have an important role. No one is more important than another,” stated Dr Agus, who is also the Chairman of the Indonesian pavilion. The Indonesian pavilion has been organised as a form of soft diplomacy to better support the processes of multilateral negotiations under the UNFCCC.
As an integral part of Indonesia’s participation in COP22, the Indonesian pavilion is committed to: (1) improving the global understanding of the efforts, learnings, and experiences Indonesia has undertaken; (2) highlighting the success of Indonesia’s efforts in outreach and campaigning of climate change control; (3) communicating the Delegation of Indonesia’s activities in both negotiations and other meetings; (4) attending and participating in events outside the UNFCCC agenda that support national interest; (5) supporting the communication of Indonesia’s efforts in curbing climate change, including in UNFCCC negotiations.
Dr. Agus further stressed that the Indonesian pavilion showcases a variety of programmes that have been carried out by all sectors of society including the central government, local governments, the private sector, and the community in their efforts to control climate change. This includes the maintenance and preservation of more than 120 million hectares of Indonesia’s forests through the restoration of ecosystems, the prevention of land and forest fires, the prevention of deforestation, and the development of social forestry. “The Indonesian pavilion shows that each stakeholder has interests and have roles based on ability,” said Dr Agus during the launch of the Indonesian pavilion.
The Indonesian pavilion will be hosting around 50 sessions of panel discussions, dialogues, and other showcases of the efforts, learnings, and experiences Indonesia has experienced in its work towards mitigation and adaptation to climate change. Panellists include representatives from the government, community groups, NGOs, academics, and private sector participants. (***)