Indonesia’s Low-Carbon Development Plan (Indonesia’s – LCDP) : Steps Towards Its Implementation
A session by National Planning Agency and ICRAF
Date : Wednesday, 15 November 2017
Time : 10.30 – 12.00
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 23, Bonn Zone, Bonn, Germany
Climate change issues are not just about environmental issues, but closely related to economic development and poverty alleviation of developing countries in accordance with the principle of sustainable development goals (SDGs). One of the obvious consequences of economic development that relies on land-based commodities is an increasing demand for land: for new plantations, extension of existing plantations, mining, infrastructure and industrial zones.
The need for land will continue to grow as an area develops and as economic targets become more ambitious. It is important to understand that land is a limited natural resource and that in many cases supply is unable to meet demand.
Several things contribute to limited availability of land: 1) biophysical characteristics that determine the suitability of certain landscapes for certain uses; 2) spatial planning and local policies that regulate land-use; 3) land ownership that limits land use; and 4) the rate of land degradation that limits its carrying capacity and functions that benefit people.
Uncontrolled expansion has had serious environmental impact, which, ironically, damages economies and livelihoods. Hence, land-use planning is critically important for governing land for multiple environmental services. Managing landscapes sustainably needs a sound planning process, consistent implementation and regular monitoring and evaluation, all of which need to be inclusive, integrative and well informed.
In many countries, particularly developing ones, land-use planning is often the opposite: top–down, spurious and not well founded on a solid understanding of ecological, economic and social processes; planners struggle to comprehend the complexity of the situation and are not anticipative of changes of drivers in the future.
Crucial factors that underpin the problem are 1) policies that do not promote inclusivity of multiple stakeholders laterally and vertically; 2) planning that does not refer to the situation and often does not take into account lessons from the past and from other areas; and 3) research findings that are overlooked or are not easily available, ensuring that the planning process is not well informed.
Even when the policy and institutional settings been designed to support inclusive, integrative and informed processes, technical capacity is still limited because available tools are too complex to operate, produce outputs that are quite rigid and hard to interpret, have no ability to produce intermediate outputs that could help scenario development or are not even designed to accommodate scenarios.
Through several studies, a set of tools and methods to support low-carbon development planning has been produced and applied nationally in Indonesia. This set aims to empower multi-stakeholder negotiations for planning sustainable landscapes that can support livelihoods and development while maintaining and restoring environmental services, especially in tropical countries. Low carbon development actions need to be cost effective in the use of funds and fair in terms of balancing rights, responsibilities, and incentives.
The target of low-carbon development from land-based sector is addressed through the set of tools and methods concurs with the HITS (Holistic-integrated-thematic and spatial) principle and also with the five expected outcomes of green growth: 1) reduce greenhouse-gas emissions; 2) sustain economic growth; 3) build social, economic and environmental resilience; 4) ensure inclusive and equitable growth; and 5) maintain healthy and productive ecosystem services.
This side event will discuss the relevance, tools, practices and lessons learn in developing and implementing low carbon development in Indonesia, under sub-national, national and global collaborations.