Mainstreaming Climate Change into Urban Development Plan

A session by the Office of the President’s Special Envoy on Climate Change

Date : Monday, 13 November 2017
Time : 16.00 – 17.30
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 23, Bonn Zone, Bonn, Germany


Following the global urbanization increasing trend, by 2050, 85% of Indonesia’s population would live in cities. The high density of cities can actually improve their efficiency in the use of resources and trigger economic advances and the cities can become the engine of growth.

However, if not properly planned and built, this rapid rate of urbanization can lead to environmental degradation and put pressure on water supply, sewage systems, public health as well as social aspect such as social disparity and high rate of crimes, traffic congestion, urban poverty. These impacts will in turn lead to declining quality of life in urban areas.

In addition, the impacts of climate change will become a major threat to urban development worldwide. Climate change is already affecting homes, cities, and livelihoods.

Moreover, the growth of urban areas worldwide is very rapid. In Indonesia for example, by 2020, it is expected to grow 20 metropolitans, 50 cities above 500 thousand inhabitants, and more than 100 small towns. In addition, Indonesia has many small towns that will later grow into larger cities. These small towns have the potential to store carbon, but are high in emitting GHGs due to limited technological and mature planning and integrated applications.

Existing and new urban areas are the center of human activities that emit huge amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions especially from economic activities and population growth. Most of the GHG emissions come from transportation, energy consumption, building and infrastructure, industries and waste. Cities in the world occupy only 3% of the land on earth but consume 60-80% of energy and produce 75% of world GHG emissions.

Therefore, the role of local government, especially the city government is very crucial. They are the ones facing everyday urban problems, such as floods, landslides, fires, traffic jams, pollution, and so on.

There are key questions that wish to be answered from the session:

  1. What are the key barriers for city governments to increase their climate actions?
  2. What are the best practices to tackle those challenges?
  3. What are the most effective way to replicate those best practices to other cities and regions to accelerate climate actions?



The objectives of this session are to share information related to:

  • Policies and programs that have been implemented to increase climate actions.
  • The challenges and the opportunities faced by cities related to climate actions.
  • The solutions to the challenges and some best practices.
  • Platform to best replicate those best practices to other cities in other nations.

Expected Result

A report draws from the session’s objectives which will include: policies and programs that have been implemented by the cities; key challenges and opportunities of cities to increase their climate actions; solutions and best practices from different cities; recommendations on platforms to replicate best practices to other cities.



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