Mainstreaming Social Forestry into Indonesia Land Reform Policy
A session by The Partnership for Governance Reform (Kemitraan)
Date : Wednesday, 8 November 2017
Time : 09.00 – 10.30
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 23, Bonn Zone, Bonn, Germany
Deforestation has become the second largest greenhouse gas emission contributor globally, after the energy sector. In a large and diverse country such as Indonesia, reducing deforestation mandates comprehensive understanding of how communities depend on, and interact with forests and its resources. Some communities rely on forests to provide shelter, water, food, fuel and livelihood. Such understanding is critical prior to assigning ‘social’ into ‘forestry’ and ‘forest policy’ – to strike a balance between environmental considerations and social economic needs of communities.
While forests plays important role in national economic development, often people living in and around forests are ignored and are deprived from accessing forest resources and economic benefits. To address such situation, the government of Indonesia launched a Social Forestry program, aimed at providing access of 12.7 million hectares to communities. Social Forestry management schemes include community forest, village based forest, community plantation forest, customary forest, and collaborative forest. The schemes are expected to provide tenurial rights and economic access to forests, enhance forest conservation and rehabilitation and improve community livelihood.
The Social Forestry program have become national priority to reduce poverty and economic inequality for the previously forgotten communities living in and around Indonesian forests. In its 3 years of implementation, management of more than 1.5 million hectares of forest have been given to the community. At present, processes to propose and obtain forest utilization permits and forest management rights continue on the ground. While 1.5 million maybe small compared to the targeted 12.7 milion, there are lessons and stories which can be drawn from Indonesian experience, particularly in providing social forestry rights to indigenous communities and how schemes can address actual tenurial conflicts.
This session offers a discussion of Indonesia’s Social Forestry Roadmap and its potential contribution to povery alleviation, implementation challenges and success stories, and how Social Forestry schemes in Indonesia aims to put ‘social’ as a compatible companion to ‘forestry’ : by proving that environmental preservation and community rights are mutually supportive.