Traditional Wisdom in Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation
This session is forum to advocate for indigenous and community tenurial rights, promote Social Forestry approaches, and showcase successful and innovative communities able to adapt to and mitigate effects of climate change.
Date : Tuesday, 14 November 2017
Time : 16.00 – 17.30
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 23, Bonn Zone, Number A02, Bonn, Germany
With a Gini ratio of 0.393 in 2017, Credit Suisse named Indonesia the fourth most unequal country in the world (Credit Suisse Wealth Report, 2017). Access to land has aggravated inequality in rural areas – in effect, Indonesia’s Gini land coefficient once reached 0.77 in 2003 (Rusastra, 2007). The Partnership for Governance Reform has completed a study in West and East Kalimantan to capture and document such reality – to pave the way to construct a better, fairer alternative. The study indicated that oil palm and mining industries dominate land control, with concessions overlapping, or conflicting with community rights. Communities are further cornered as the state prohibits communities living in forest estates from exploiting forest resources – thus depriving them of economic opportunities.
The government of Indonesia, in an effort to address land inequality launched a Social Forestry program, aimed at providing access of 12.7 million hectares to communities. Social Forestry management schemes include community forest, village based forest, community plantation forest, customary forest, and collaborative forest. The schemes are expected to resolve some tenurial conflicts, enhance forest conservation and rehabilitation and improve community livelihood. Some communities managed to thrive even the face of such gap, land deprivation, and sometimes lack of public support.
Achievement of Indonesia’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) targets is dependent upon multi-stakeholders’ commitment, including communities. It is when low carbon development path presents a testament to greater and more sustainable economic opportunities, and lessens socio economic inequality – multi-stakeholders commitment is galvanized.