Germany’s Surface Area: 348,672 sq. km
2,389 km of coastline
Location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark
Population: 82,175,700 (2015 estimate)
Administrative Organization: 16 states, 403 districts, 301 rural districts and 102 urban districts.
Germany adds 1 hour during March to October. In November the time zone is GMT+1.
The unit of Germany currency is Euro (EUR, €). Currency exchange is possible in banks and accredited institutions. Automated Teller Machines (ATM) accept all international credit cards. One Euro is made up of 100 cents.
- Common Bills: €50, €20, €10, €
- Coins: 1 cent, 2 cents, 5 cents, 10 cents, 50 cents, €1 and €2.
Languages, culture and religions
German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany. It is one of 23 official languages in the European Union, and one of the three working languages of the European Commission, along with English and French. Recognized native minority languages in Germany are Danish, Sorbian, and Frisian.
Since the late nineteenth century, the German economy has been shaped by industrial production, international trade, and the rise of consumer culture. At the end of the twentieth century, only 2.7 percent of the German workforce was involved in agriculture, forestry, and fishery combined. Nevertheless, 48 percent of the total area of Germany was devoted to agriculture, and agricultural products covered 85 percent of domestic food needs.
It has often been noted that German society retains a small town ethos, which adhere to standards of bürgerlichkeit, or civic morality, which lend a certain neatness and formality to behavior in everyday life. When entering a store, for example, one is not likely to be noticed, unless one announces oneself forcefully by saying, “guten Tag ” (literally, “good day”) or “hello”.
Germany is a modern, advanced society, shaped by a plurality of lifestyles and regional identities. Christian is the prominent religion; from the smallest village to the largest city the local church dominates the central area of nearly every German settlement. German churches are often impressive architectural structures, which bear witness to centuries of growth and renovation. However, there are exist Jewish and Muslim communities. German Jewish community now has about 100,000 members, many from the former Soviet Union. Germany also has a substantial Muslim minority, most of who are from Turkey.
No vaccination certificate is required but it is recommended to protect against Hepatitis A & B as well as Typhoid.
Information about Bonn
Bonn is one of the oldest cities in Germany. The city began its 2,000th anniversary in 1989, based on the date of writing by the Roman writer Florus in 11 BC. The Romans appreciated the easily accessible Bonn location on the Rhine, mild climate, and beautiful surroundings. However, this area continued long before the Roman era, with the first traces of human settlements aged around 50,000 years. From a Roman garrison, during the Middle Ages, Bonn evolved into a spiritual and trading center from the market established more than 1,000 years ago. Bonn was given a full city charter in 1243, and by the 16th century, the archbishops and archbishops in Cologne chose Bonn as their capital and city of residence. Their palaces and magnificent buildings still bring Baroque grandeur to the city today. Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn in 1770 at Bonngasse 515, which is now home number 20. During the 19th century, the University of Bonn grew into one of the higher education institutions in Germany.
Bonn has an oceanic climate (Cfb). In the south of the Cologne lowland in the Rhine valley, Bonn is in one of Germany’s warmest regions.
|Daily mean °C (°F)||18.3
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||78.0
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||194.0||141.0||104.0||55.0||41.0||1,529|