Long Term Climate Strategy as an Opportunity to Enhance NDC Post 2030
Date : Tuesday, 4 December 2018
Time : 13.15 – 14.35
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 24, Zone E, GF Spodek Arena, Katowice, Poland
Looking Past the Horizon: Indonesia’s Case for Long Term Strategy for Climate Action: opportunities, lessons learnt, and roadmaps for beyond 2030
Climate change poses a towering intertemporal-choice challenge—what human activities contribute at present time often result in unintended consequences to the world’s climate in the long run. In 2015, 196 countries adopted the Paris Agreement which commit to limiting global warming well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to achieve net-zero emissions by 2100. Over 168 countries—including Indonesia—have submitted their post-2020 climate commitment known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which provides a roadmap on how countries plan to reduce their emissions by 2025 or 2030. However, accomplishing the goals stipulated under Paris Agreement require transformations at scale and a colossal strategy that will endure beyond the next 10-20 years. Therefore, in addition to the NDCs, more than 10 countries (such as France, Benin, Germany, Canada, Mexico, and the United States) also submitted a long-term strategy which lays out their plan toward 2050 to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC).
In the same way, there are opportunities for Indonesia to follow the footsteps of these countries in setting a mid-century climate target of Long Term Strategy. Indonesia’s achievement in addressing climate change issues to date has paved a way for Indonesia’s development and has served as important building blocks to develop Long Term Strategy. Futhermore, scenario analysis from modeling projects show ways how Indonesia could achieve NDCs and as well as opportunities for extending it beyond 2030.
This session aims to discuss the potential opportunities of developing Long Term Strategy, by learning from past sucesses and current challenges (shared by KLHK). Furthermore, the session will highlight some lessons based on existing model scenarios on Indonesia’s emissions. Finally, we will identify some key elements in the institutional landscape that would be critical for an effective long-term strategy.