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Xylarium Bogoriense 1915: Variation in Carbon Storage Among Wood Species

Date : Monday, 3 December 2018
Time : 15.10 – 16.10
Venue : Indonesia Pavilion at COP 24, Zone E, GF Spodek Arena, Katowice, Poland

 

Xylarium Bogoriense is an authentic wood collections manage by Forest Products Research and Development Center, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Indonesia. The wood has been collected from most regions in Indonesia since 1914. Xylarium Bogoriense is now the largest Xylarium in the world with a collection of more than 193,000 specimens consisting 110 families, 785 generas and 3,667 authentic wood species. The wood collection has proved to be a valuable source of samples for wood identification and biochemists. Wood collection has been used for legal evidence in court, custom identification, supporting legal trade, research, education and wooden-based industries preferences. Previously wood identification can only be undertaken microscopically by well-trained technician and wood anatomists. Currently, the Forest Products Research and Development Center in collaboration with Research Center for Informatics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences is developing digital wood identification system using desktop and smart-phone application. The wood identification system is known as ‘AIKO’ has been developed based on computer vision and  macroscopic images of wood cross section. A method that can be considered to facilitate the identification of wood species in the field and industry. Xylarium Bogoriense database is improved to develop carbon store database of Indonesian timber based on wood density and also the active compound of each timber species in Indonesia, and also potential for developing biodiversity conservation. Functional relationship between wood species diversity and carbon sequestration is an important topic to be developed. In the future, the dataset could integrate wood species data from many regions in Indonesia which can be used as a guideline for collecting data and mapping the distribution of wood biodiversity in Indonesia, as well as the information on carbon stock and active compound for many purposes.

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